The information below is from Chapter 5 of the textbook American Indian Politics and the American Political System (3rd edition) by David E. Wilkins and Heidi Kiiwetinpinesiik Stark, published by Rowman & Littlefield (2011). Dr. Wilkins (Lumbee) holds the McKnight Presidential Professorship in American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Stark (Turtle Mountain Ojibwe) is an assistant professor of Political Science at the University of Victoria, in British Columbia.
A copy of American Indian Politics and the American Political System, 3rd edition, by David E. Wilkins and Heidi Kiiwetinepinesiik Stark can be ordered from Amazon.
In this video, filmmaker and host John Parsons brings viewers on a journey of understanding as he strives to grasp the differing worldviews that motivated tribal leaders, settlers, and the United States government of the 19th Century. The film features Ojibwe scholars Brenda Child and Anton Treuer. It focuses on the 1863 “Old Crossing Treaty” in which the Red Lake and Pembina bands of the Chippewa ceded some 11 million acres of land to the United States Government.
"Nations within Nations - Indian Country Today" is from Chapter 10 of the textbookFirst Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History (4th edition) by Colin G. Calloway, published by Bedford/St. Martin's (2012). Dr. Calloway is the John Kimball, Jr. Professor of History and Native American Studies at Dartmouth; disucusses modern day issues within Indian Country.
The US Department of the Interior shares some Frequently Asked Questions about Tribes
More information can be found on the Bureau of Indian Affairs site.
Today, treaties continue to affirm the inherent sovereignty of American Indian nations. Tribal governments maintain nation-to-nation relationships with the United States government. Tribal nations manage lands, resources, and economies, protect people, and build more secure futures for generations to come. That is Why Treaties Matter.
Explore the virtual "Why Treaties Matter" exhibit.